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Posts published in “Dog Health and Nutrition”

How To Secure Your Juvenile Dog From Diabetes Mellitus

Source: Google

Pancreas is an important body organ that has two major functions in the body, firstly it produces as digestive enzyme known as pancreatic juice which helps in proper digestion of ingested food and secondly, it is responsible for secretion of an enzyme that controls and regulates the sugar level in the body.

Similar to the human beings, our beloved pets too undergo the same processes in their body. When they consume starch and carbohydrates these are broken down to sugar glucose molecules. These glucose molecules get absorbed in the blood and when in excess, are stored in liver and muscles as glycogen. In this process, the insulin enzyme from pancreas helps in relieving the extra glucose from the blood.

Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is caused by an insufficient secretion of the enzyme insulin by the pancreas which results in excessive increase in the blood sugar.

In young dogs, when pancreas is not fully developed with age, they are not able to function properly. Due to this, the secretion of enzyme insulin is affected and it causes a flurry of glucose in their body.

While this is the major reason of diabetes in most of the young dogs, some pets could possess diabetes due to certain other reasons such as autoimmune disorders, infectious diseases or due to inherited causes (pup from a diabetic parent).

Symptoms Of Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs:

Diabetes Mellitus could affect the overall growth of the puppies. If a growing dog is affected with diabetes, it would look rather smaller and leaner than the other dogs of the same age. Despite of their appetite and devouring meals, they would lose weight surprisingly.

Apart from being leaner in appearance, diabetic dogs would run out of energy too soon. The loss of muscle mass with inadequate energy could lead to generalized weakness of other systems too. They could also appear paralyzed.

Elevated sugar in blood could also show critical results on other organs such as kidneys, liver and eyes.

Risks Due To Diabetes:

Diabetes could pose many kinds of risks in the body of dogs. Formerly, the heart and the blood vessels of the dog’s body are degraded and slowly the other systems such as nervous, cardiac, immune and respiratory systems are too affected directly or indirectly.

The greater the disease is overlooked, the monstrous it becomes with time. Therefore, diabetes in young dogs should not be taken lightly.

What can you do?

Contrary to the human beings, controlling diets of the dog is not among the best options to control blood sugar. Even ingesting insulin tablets orally would not provide that much of a help.

Diabetic young dogs should be offered a rigorous diagnosis in a routine basis to carefully monitor the sugar in blood and urine. They could be given routine insulin injections so that the ingested body sugar is kept in control.

Moreover, the amount of sugar in food and starchy foods should be reduced considerably to provide an effective control to the affected dogs.

Dogs with Sugar could lead a normal life, but under the regular care of their master. The offer of proper concern could help them come out of the troubles soon.

Chocolate Toxicity: The Sweet-Advice For Your Barking Mate

source: google

Desserts occupy an important place in almost every meal of a human being. You must be aware yourself that what magic a sweet food item does on your taste buds. It has the power to transform your mood from bad to better. Humans consume different forms of sweets such as milk sweets, chocolates, cookies, jellies, tarts and ice creams etc. Out of this, chocolates are one of the most loved sweet that are eaten all over the world. These light and dark colored sweet food items are obtained from cocoa beans and are mixed with substances, such that they form bars that everybody relishes.

Apart from humans, the pets that they keep are also great lovers of chocolates. If your dog finds a bar of chocolate, he would devour it to the last morsel. But a highly genuine fact that most of the pet-keepers do not know is that chocolates are bars of poison for your pets. Especially if your dog loves the sugary flavor of the chocolates, you got to be cautious of the matter.

Chocolates could do a whole lot of damage to the body of the pets. These extracts from the cocoa seeds contains caffeine which is a highly toxic material. When ingested by a pet, it could cause various diseases and disorders such as Diarrhea, Vomiting, rise in the body temperatures and fevers, increase in the rigidity of muscles, increased rate of breath, enhanced heartbeat and seizures, high and low blood pressures or fatal symptoms such as cardiac arrests, coma or weakness may occur. When you view the list of all these items, there must be certain questions that arise from your heart regarding the chocolates. Here we have tried to clear some of the queries that pop out regarding the chocolates.

What are the types of chocolates available?

Chocolates may occur in a variety of shapes, sizes and states. They also occur under a hoard of brand names. But if you talk about the categories, they are mostly grouped under three heads:

Milk Chocolates:

These are the combination of milk and cocoa beans in association of other additives such as sugars and flavors etc. These are mostly consumed by kids. When your dog accidently eats about 20 grams of chocolates in accordance to a kilogram of its body weight, there could be mild symptoms of toxicity but when the consumption increases to about 50 grams, there could be severe complications in the body of dogs.

Semi-Sweet Chocolates:

These chocolates are also combined with additives such as sugars and fruits but to a limited extent, such that you get the complete taste of original cocoa. When a dog eats about 8 gm of this chocolate per kilogram of its body weight, it could experience light symptoms of poisoning in its body but when the consumption increases to about 25 grams, the dog could be highly intoxicated with the material as these chocolates contain relatively higher percentage of cocoa.

Baking Chocolates:

These are the purest form of chocolates that do not contain any artificial substance or additive blended. These chocolates contain a high quantity of caffeine and theobromine which if ingested even 5 grams by the dog, could be highly fatal and disastrous to its health.

How much chocolate could be given if the dog loves it?

As a matter of fact, chocolates are toxic for your dog even in a negligible content, as the body of a dog is not suitable to digest sweet items. These could cause a hoard of diseases in them. Therefore it is better not to give them chocolates.

If your pet is highly loving the material, you should go for the lesser caffeinated ones such as milk chocolates etc. that contain a lesser amount of toxicity. If you have a medium sized dog that weighs 20 to 25 kgs, you could offer it about 200 grams of milk chocolate. Be cautious of not increasing the content or else it may lay havoc on its body.

What are the signals that show chocolate poisoning?

This could depend on the amount and the type of chocolate consumed by your pet. Some of the common disorders that occur in almost every dog are Diarrhea, Vomiting, increased heartbeat, increased thirst, panting, high amount of urine discharge, anxiety, restlessness, muscle spasm and seizures.  If your dog is an old one and he consumes baking chocolates, chances are there that he may encounter a sudden heart-attack and go to coma. If he is having a preexisting heart disease, the chances would not favor him a bit. Others may encounter breathing and respiratory problems in association with the common signals.

In such a case when you are not sure of what has happened, care for meeting a vet as soon as possible as the signals take a few hours to capture the organs but may last long for a considerable days. The theobromine content in the chocolates could get absorbed in the kidneys and bladder and could be recirculated in the body. To prevent this, immediate medical attention is utterly essential. The pet should be offered IV fluids so that the condition remains stable.

What if a pet accidently eats the chocolate?

The dogs may eat any stray item which they find suitable and this could include chocolates too. If you have seen it eating a dropped chocolate or are in doubt that it might have eaten a chocolate, rush to the vet immediately. The theobromine takes time to show signs and you should not wait for them to develop. The vet would check for the conditions that occur at the stage. If required, he may provide medications to vomit out the ingested item.

The sooner the toxic materials are removed off the body of pet, the lesser would be its effect on the organs and the faster would your dog take to cope up the complications.

What are the primary and secondary treatments offered to the pets while they eat chocolates?

While a dog eats the chocolate and you are absolutely sure of it, dash to the vet as soon as possible. If the dog has taken time and developed the signals well, the vet would offer it all the treatments that remove the toxic elements out of your body.

As a primary treatment, the vet would offer it medicines such as activated charcoals etc that would absorb the toxic materials from its stomach. It would also be offered medicines that enhance vomit of the ingested materials.

When there are clear signals such as vomiting and diarrhea, it may be provided with intravenous fluids that dilute the toxins and help them to get out of the body through excretion. Other medicines which slow down the heartbeat and control the anxiety may also be given. When the dog is not well, it should rest as much as possible.

What are the substitutes for the chocolates?

When you look for substances that you could substitute the chocolates for your pets, carob is the substance that could accomplish the task. Many companies prepare eatables for the pets that are made out of carob. This material is similar to the chocolates and has the same taste. Moreover, it contains a lesser amount of theobromine, the substance that is wholeheartedly responsible for doing the worst in the body of pets. Therefore, if your pet cannot resist tasting sweet food items, you could get to use desserts that are made up of carob. It would serve your purpose of a sweet food item and would do no harm to the body of pets.

These are some of the complications that arise when your pet eats a substance that it is not supposed to do. Chocolates and other sweets are great foes to your pets and accompany a variety of cons in the body.

You would definitely not love the notion of rushing with your pet to hospital, every time it consumes sweet items such as toxic chocolates. Therefore, it is suggested that you should be utterly careful of where your pet goes and what does it eat. At home too, it could find a hoard of hazardous materials that despite of relishing its taste buds, would harm it utterly. If you have small kids at home who love eating chocolates, chances are there that they may drop some of their eatables and your pets may find them too tempting to resist. In such a condition, be careful to offer the kids exactly the amount of chocolates which you find suitable and they could eat well.

Some dogs develop a unique ability of opening refrigerators at home and picking out substances which they find alluring. They are unaware of the fact that some of the items could hurt their body severely. If you too have such a dog in your house, be vigilant and lock your refrigerators to prevent any mishappening.

When you remain cautious of what your dog eats, it would certainly have a good effect on its body and mind and it would be supremely healthy and hearty for a considerable period.

Is Your Dog Having A Sensitive Stomach?

The basic nourishment of any organism is derived from the food that he eats. Whether it is the plants, animals or the human being, all of them require some kind of solid ingestion in their body for a proper living.

Animals especially, are great lover of foods that they eat. You would have seen your pets devouring the food up to its last morsel.

Source: Google

Most of the pets have a well-built digestive system that could digest any sort of food. But all the pets are not that lucky. Some of the dogs have significantly sensitive stomach that does not serve its function well. Whatever is being eaten by the dog, it comes out of its body immediately.

Under this condition, your dog could have a sensitivity in its stomach which could affect its body functioning.

Symptoms Accompanying Sensitivity:

Is your dog being affected by one or all of the following conditions?

1. Vomiting at any time of the day

2. Lose feces after eating

3. Discharge of gaseous materials

4. Occasional diarrhea

If these conditions do not leave your dog, chances are clear that your dog may have a highly sensitive stomach.

How To Help The Dog:

1. The foremost method to feed the dog with sensitivity in stomach is limiting the diet of it. Use only certain kinds of proteins and carbohydrates, instead of feeding it freely.

2. In place of feeding it with chicken and beef, use novel kinds of proteins. These are easy to digest and do not cause any problem in the inner system. Novel Proteins include items such as salmons, rabbits, duck and venison etc.

3. Use of grain free foods could help your dogs to overcome the problem early. Wheat and glutinous products may cause intolerance in the body of pets. They are also rich in fibers which do not help the sensitive stomach of dogs.

4. Fatty foods are known to play a huge role in degradation of the stomach. Therefore, make sure that the dog foods are devoid of fats.

5. Do not offer them the food which humans eat. There are several prohibited foods that could lead the stomach to huge problems.

6. Offer them foods at only specific hours of day. Regular eating habit could worsen the condition of a sensitive stomach.

7. The dog’s food should be appropriately balanced. Instead of composing only of proteins and fats, it should have a good balance of Vitamins A, C, E, Beta Carotene and Minerals such as Selenium etc.

8. Let them rest for a considerable time after their meal. Any physical exercise, walking or play may cause the problem to get worse.

9. Try the concept of transition. This means the mixing of a small amount of old diet with new, sensitive-stomach diet. This would keep the stomach acquainted with the foods that it used to have earlier. Slowly you could increase the proportion as dog’s condition goes stable.

10. The most important of all, consult a vet and ask him about the ways to do away with the problem.

A healthy digestive system is very important for your pet as it is the base to nourishment of the entire body. Keep your dog’s stomach healthy for a healthy overall life.

Grooming Dog at Home with Clippers

Grooming a dog from time to time ensures their emotional as well as physical well being. Sessions of grooming provide the dog with undivided personal attention. Similarly, as at the time of grooming the entire body of the dog is under scrutiny, any anomalies can be spotted quite early on. With timely intervention and prompt action, many diseases can be checked well in time, and even prevented altogether.

Source: Google

There are many professional grooming centres operational today, offering a wide range of services at fairly competitive prices. While getting your dog groomed professionally might be the better option for pet parents with neither the time nor inclination to do it themselves, grooming can also be done at home fairly easily. With all varieties of grooming accessories available online at the click of a button, there is indeed no dearth of options to choose from. Usually delivered right at your doorstep, you can order online from all kinds of shampoos, brushes, combs, clippers and trimmers.

Grooming Requirements

For grooming your dog at home, the following will be required:

  • Dog hair clipper
  • Dog hair trimmer
  • Brush – which can be either a bristle brush, pin brush or a slicker brush
  • Comb – de-matting or ending comb.

Do keep in mind that there is a basic difference between a clipper and a trimmer. While a clipper is a fairly large-sized instrument used for cutting long hair, a trimmer is comparatively smaller in size and used for styling or finishing purposes.

Procedure for Grooming

Before commencing with grooming, it is important to ensure that your dog is at ease and not unduly agitated for any reason. If you sense that your dog is upset, give him some treats to settle him down. While a treat might work for some dogs, other dogs might require be taken for a walk in order to work off the extra energy.

There are many things that are taken care of in a grooming session. These are:

Bathing. Veterinarians generally suggest bathing your dog every 3 months. While this might suffice for most breeds, dogs that get habitually dirty might require to be bathed more often.

Brushing. Brushing with a good quality brush helps to remove tangles as well as aids in distributing natural oils across the body. Blood circulation also gets boosted in the process.

Paws and Nails. As any extra hair at the paws can be a breeding ground for ticks and fleas, it should be trimmed regularly. Nails should also be clipped and kept at a proper length.

Eyes. While grooming, closely inspect the eyes of your pet. The signs to look out for are tearing, bulging, eyelids sticking together or redness in the white region of the eye. Also, see if the inner eyelid is a healthy pink in color and not white or red.

Ears. The area in and around the eras is a common ground for the nesting of fleas and ticks. Make sure that the same is clean by trimming excess hair. Also, use a wet wipe or cotton wool to gently clean inside the ears.

Teeth. When cleaning the teeth of your dog, make sure that you select only toothpastes and toothbrushes made specifically for canine use. In case your dog does not like the taste of toothpaste, you can clean his teeth with baking soda or just plain water instead.

Regular grooming has many benefits for your pet. Grooming, especially when done personally by the dog parent, greatly enhances the sense of well being of the dog.

Source: Google

Grooming with Clipper

Firstly, select the most appropriate clipper for your dog based on the breed, coat type and size. Also, as per your preference, you can opt for a battery-operated version in place of the usual plug-in version. Always ensure that you detach or attach the blade of the clipper only when the clipper is switched off.

While clipping your dog at home, do keep in mind the following:

  1. Before you begin, give your dog a thorough brushing to remove any tangles or knots. The kind of brush ideal for your dog depends on the hair length and texture.
  2. Commence clipping your dog’s hair by starting from the shoulders and gradually moving towards the tail.
  3. While clipping the body hair, the blade should be laid flat against the coat. In an ideal situation, the clipper ought to glide effortlessly over the hair. If, however, the clipper gets stuck, simply move the clipper many times over the same place in order to ease out the knot or tangle.
  4. Clip all extra fur, as well as fur that appears to be hanging from the body.
  5. Take special care while clipping hair on and around the ears, eyes and the muzzle. As any sudden movements by the dog while clipping in these sensitive regions can cause grievous injury, proceed with extreme caution.

The length of hair to be retained depends upon the preference of the pet parent. While many pet parents opt for a practical and low maintenance haircut by going in for shorter hair, there are others who choose style over practicality. In either case, the dog’s hair ought not to be cut short more than half an inch’s length. Clipping any more than that can expose the dog to the elements, causing serious skin conditions later on.

Clipper Care

Simply brush the hair from the clipper with the help of a toothbrush. Follow up with a clipper spray. Using a clipper spray also keeps the blade clean and lubricated.

Grooming dog with clippers at home is fairly easy, once you get the hang of it. For first-timers, watching how-to videos online as well as reading some write-ups would be advisable in order to get a fairly decent idea of the process involved.